|TTEC HOLDINGS, INC. filed this Form 10-Q on 11/07/2018|
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, none of our clients represented 10% or more of our total revenue. Our five largest clients, collectively, accounted for 32.5% and 35.9% of our consolidated revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Our five largest clients accounted for 34.5% and 34.3% of our consolidated revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We have experienced long-term relationships with our top five clients, ranging from 12 to 22 years, with the majority of these clients having completed multiple contract renewals with us. The relative contribution of any single client to consolidated earnings is not always proportional to the relative revenue contribution on a consolidated basis and varies greatly based upon specific contract terms. In addition, clients may adjust business volumes served by us based on their business requirements. We believe the risk of this concentration is mitigated, in part, by the long-term contracts we have with our largest clients. Although certain client contracts may be terminated for convenience by either party, we believe this risk is mitigated, in part, by the service level disruptions and transition/migration costs that would arise for our clients.
The contracts with our five largest clients expire between 2018 and 2023. Additionally, a particular client may have multiple contracts with different expiration dates. We have historically renewed most of our contracts with our largest clients. However, there is no assurance that future contracts will be renewed, or if renewed, will be on terms as favorable as the existing contracts.
Market risk represents the risk of loss that may impact our consolidated financial position, consolidated results of operations, or consolidated cash flows due to adverse changes in financial and commodity market prices and rates. Market risk also includes credit and non-performance risk by counterparties to our various financial instruments. We are exposed to market risk due to changes in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates (as measured against the U.S. dollar); as well as credit risk associated with potential non-performance of our counterparty banks. These exposures are directly related to our normal operating and funding activities. We enter into derivative instruments to manage and reduce the impact of currency exchange rate changes, primarily between the U.S. dollar/Philippine peso, the U.S. dollar/Mexican peso, and the Australian dollar/Philippine peso. To mitigate against credit and non-performance risk, it is our policy to only enter into derivative contracts and other financial instruments with investment grade counterparty financial institutions and, correspondingly, our derivative valuations reflect the creditworthiness of our counterparties. As of the date of this report, we have not experienced, nor do we anticipate, any issues related to derivative counterparty defaults.
Interest Rate Risk
We previously entered into interest rate derivative instruments to reduce our exposure to interest rate fluctuations associated with our variable rate debt. The interest rate on our Credit Agreement is variable based upon the Prime Rate, the Federal Funds rate, or LIBOR and, therefore, is affected by changes in market interest rates. As of September 30, 2018, we had $272.5 million of outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement. Based upon average outstanding borrowings during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, interest accrued at a rate of approximately 3.3% and 3.0% per annum, respectively. If the Prime Rate or LIBOR increased by 100 basis points, there would be an annualized $1.0 million of additional interest expense per $100.0 million of outstanding borrowing under the Credit Agreement.
Foreign Currency Risk
Our subsidiaries in the Philippines, Mexico, India, Costa Rica, Bulgaria and Poland use the local currency as their functional currency for paying labor and other operating costs. Conversely, revenue for these foreign subsidiaries is derived principally from client contracts that are invoiced and collected in U.S. dollars or other foreign currencies. As a result, we may experience foreign currency gains or losses, which may positively or negatively affect our results of operations attributed to these subsidiaries. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, revenue associated with this foreign exchange risk was 24% and 27% of our consolidated revenue, respectively.